Why in News?

Iran has lost vote casting rights withinside the United Nations General Assembly for failing to satisfy its monetary responsibilities to the organization.

Brief –

The United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres informed on January 18, 2021, that Iran and 6 different countries have lost their proper to vote withinside the United Nations General Assembly- UNGA for now no longer paying their dues.

Background –

  • Iran’s cutting-edge concept on this regard changed into to pay this debt through having the UN use Iran’s seized assets in South Korea with the permission of the Central Bank, that is being mentioned with the UN Secretariat and the essential preparations are being made.
  • Given that the US has encroached upon Iran’s global property before, the Islamic Republic of Iran insists that the UN now no longer use an American intermediary bank to get hold of our country’s membership.
  • The global company has lately confronted economic issues due to the failure of sure member states to pay their dues.
  • In April 2020, the Associated Press reported that UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres dispatched a letter to member states pronouncing that the shortage of dues amounted to $2.27 billion, and not using a indication of whilst it’d be paid.
  • This excessive stage of arrears is now compounded through a pointy decline withinside the fee of checks through member states, which presently stands at 42% in comparison to 50% through this time in in advance years,” the Secretary-General stated withinside the letter.
  • Unpredictable cash inflows, exacerbated through the worldwide disaster posed through the COVID-19 pandemic, significantly threaten” UN operations.

Key Takeaways  –

  • The different countries which have lost their balloting rights in UNGA are Libya, Niger, Congo Brazzaville, the Central African Republic, Zimbabwe, and South Sudan.
  • However, 3 different countries- Somalia, Comoros and Sao Tome and Principie- may be allowed to have their balloting rights regardless of lacking their payments, as they’ve sufficiently proven that they are able to pay.
  • Iran owes 16.2 million USD to the United Nations. According to Iran, the US sanctions is troubling the country in paying its contribution to the UN.
  • The US is the highest contributor of the UN.
  • The United States contributed 22% of the UN finances, China contributes 12%, Japan contributes 8.574% and Germany contributes 6.090%. These 4 countries collectively finance 49% of the complete UN finances.
  • India is one among the thirty-4 United Nations contributors to pay the finances dues on time. In January 2020, India paid 23, 396, 496 USD to the United Nations as its contribution.

Article 19 of UN charter –

  • “A Member of the United Nations which is in arrears in the payment of its financial contributions to the Organization shall have no vote in the General Assembly if the amount of its arrears equals or exceeds the amount of the contributions due from it for the preceding two full years.
  • The General Assembly may, nevertheless, permit such a member to vote if it is satisfied that the failure to pay is due to conditions beyond the control of the Member.”

About UN –

  • The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization that aims to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international cooperation, and be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations.
  • It is the largest, most familiar, most internationally represented and most powerful intergovernmental organization in the world.
  • The UN is headquartered on international territory in New York City, with its other main offices in Geneva, Nairobi, Vienna, and The Hague.
  • The UN was established after World War II with the aim of preventing future wars, succeeding the ineffective League of Nations.
  • On 25 April 1945, 50 governments met in San Francisco for a conference and started drafting the UN Charter, which was adopted on 25 June 1945 and took effect on 24 October 1945, when the UN began operations.
  • Pursuant to the Charter, the organization’s objectives include maintaining international peace and security, protecting human rights, delivering humanitarian aid, promoting sustainable development, and upholding international law.
  • At its founding, the UN had 51 member states; with the addition of South Sudan in 2011, membership is now 193, representing almost all of the world’s sovereign states.

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