Why in News?
Former President of India Pranab Mukherjee passes away at the age of 84. The GoI has announced a seven-day state mourning. He was tested coronavirus positive earlier.
- The former president Pranab Mukherjeepasses away at the age of 84.
- He underwent brain surgery to get a blood clot removed, before which he was tested positive for coronavirus.
- He was placed on the ventilator later to his surgery. Meanwhile, he developed lung infection and he was in a septic shock.
- He was treated at the Army Research and Referral Hospital in New Delhi.
- He was awarded as Bharat Ratna in 2019. It is the highest civilian award in the country.
More about Pranav Mukherjee
- Former President Pranab Mukherjee was born on 11 December 1935
- He served as the 13th president of India from 25 July 2012 to 25 July 2017.
- He also served as Finance Minister from 2009 to 2012.
- His political journey started in 1969, where he managed the election campaign of V.K. Krishna Menon. The then Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi offered him to join Congress to which he accepted the offer.
- He was appointed as leader of Lok Sabha in 1980.
- In 1984, he was also voted as the best Finance Minister in the World by Euromoney magazine. It was his first tenure as a Finance Finister in 1982-1984.
- After the death of Indira Gandhi, he was sidelined by the party. He was the most trusted minister of her. To which he responded by making a new party of his own viz Rashtriya Samajwadi Congress which later merged with Congress in 1989.
- He was also appointed as the deputy chairman of the Indian Planning Commission in 1991 after the death of Rajiv Gandhi by PV Narasimha Rao.
- He also served as Foreign Minister in 1995.
- He played a key rule in the signing of the India-US Civil Nuclear Agreement in October 2008, when he was serving as External Affairs minister (2006-2009).
- Apart from being a marked orator, Pranab Mukherjee has authored several books on the Indian Economy and Nation Building.
- Apart from being awarded as Bharat Ratna, he was also awarded India’s second-highest civilian award, Padma Vibhusan in 2008, the Best Parliamentarian Award in 1997, and the Best Administrator in India Award in 2011.
- In 2018, after he had vacated Rashtrapati Bhavan, Mukherjee attended an RSS event as chief guest, a move criticized by many in his party, including his daughter and Congress leader Sharmistha Mukherjee.
Major Reforms brought by Pranab Mukherjee
- He abolished the Commodities Transaction Tax and the Fridge Benefits Tax.
- He increased the funding of Jawahar Lal Nehru Urban Renewal Mission,
- The Criminal Law Ordinance of 2013 was promulgated by him.